If you turn on your computer and see the message "Your files are encrypted, you need to enter the code to unlock it, to avail the code, send 1 Bitcoin to a certain address" – it means your computer is infected with Ransomware. In general, the message can be different but the essence is one - you need to pay to get your files back.
Virus Ransomware, as it is called hits the computer when navigating through various hacked websites when downloading a file or clicking a wrong link. Any inexperienced user, being in shock, may begin to behave inadequately and as a consequence pay to hackers. Many ransomware viruses can be removed quickly but file decryption is a difficult process.
Use your antivirus and scan the whole computer for viruses. Ransomware like Jaff virus should be detected and you will be able to click “Delete” button. You can also roll back the operating system to its previously saved point. You can also reinstall Windows completely. Keep in mind that before doing all the above manipulations, you need to save your encrypted files to another computer or hard drive.
After ransomware is gone, you need to take care about encrypted files. Search the Internet for possible decryptors. Security researchers were able to break the encryption of quite a few ransomware families. They provide free keys to unlock your files.
To avoid attacks or to protect yourself from Ransomware virus, experts advise taking the following steps:
1. Use a good antivirus and a firewall software
Keeping the security software up-to-date and maintaining a strong firewall is essential for your computers. It is advised that you use a good antivirus software from the reputed company and refrain from fake products available online.
2. Back up often
Ever heard a phrase ‘Prevention is better than cure’. Well, this theory works against Ransomware Viruses too. If you create a backup of the important files to an online backup service or in an external hard drive, you subside the threat. I would recommend taking the backup of the data regularly, preferably every 6 months. Once the backup is taken, you can simply restore the laptop or computer to the default and start afresh.
3. Enable the Popup Blocker
Popups are one of the major tactics used by the cyber criminals. Always avoid the accidental or deliberate clicking on an infected Popup. If a popup appears, close it by clicking on the X in the right-hand corner.
4. Be Vigilant and never click on the suspicious links inside the emails and avoid the dubious websites at all times.
If you receive a note regarding the ransomware, disconnect the internet and shut down your system to avoid the transmission of the personal information and data to the criminals. If you have to take the backup, you can re-install the operating system and start afresh. If you don’t feel comfortable or are unable to start, you can take the computer to the repair shop.
How did you like the article? Do you have any doubts or queries regarding the Ransomware and it’s protection? Feel free to discuss in the comments section below.