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  • How to share files without using internet?

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    Hello guys,

    This tutorial will help you to guide that "to share files without using an internet". Through this tutorial, we can share any type of files between android devices. I am explaining this step by step.

     

    Step1- Introduction

    We are creating client-server communication using Socket programming. At client side, we pass IP address of server side and PORT number to Socket class and then try to connect that server. Once connected to server, server reply to the query.

     

     Client side implementation

    First, we implementing client side. We select share file from our device then connect to the server and send file. At this side, we are creating following class files.

    1- File Picker:-

    2- MainActivity: This is main client side activity class

    1- FilePicker.java

    This class file will display the list of files and folder to pick any type of files such as audio, images etc. To display the list of files press select button.

    /**
     * Created by arvind on 14/7/16.
     */
    public class FilePicker extends ListActivity {
    
        public final static String EXTRA_FILE_PATH = "file_path";
        public final static String EXTRA_SHOW_HIDDEN_FILES = "show_hidden_files";
        public final static String EXTRA_ACCEPTED_FILE_EXTENSIONS = "accepted_file_extensions";
        private final static String DEFAULT_INITIAL_DIRECTORY = "/";
    
        protected File Directory;
        protected ArrayList<File> Files;
        protected FilePickerListAdapter Adapter;
        protected boolean ShowHiddenFiles = false;
        protected String[] acceptedFileExtensions;
    
        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    
            LayoutInflater inflator = (LayoutInflater)
                    getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    
            View emptyView = inflator.inflate(R.layout.empty_view, null);
            ((ViewGroup) getListView().getParent()).addView(emptyView);
            getListView().setEmptyView(emptyView);
    
            // Set initial directory
            Directory = new File(DEFAULT_INITIAL_DIRECTORY);
    
            // Initialize the ArrayList
            Files = new ArrayList<File>();
    
            // Set the ListAdapter
            Adapter = new FilePickerListAdapter(this, Files);
            setListAdapter(Adapter);
    
            // Initialize the extensions array to allow any file extensions
            acceptedFileExtensions = new String[] {};
    
            // Get intent extras
            if(getIntent().hasExtra(EXTRA_FILE_PATH))
                Directory = new File(getIntent().getStringExtra(EXTRA_FILE_PATH));
    
            if(getIntent().hasExtra(EXTRA_SHOW_HIDDEN_FILES))
                ShowHiddenFiles = getIntent().getBooleanExtra(EXTRA_SHOW_HIDDEN_FILES, false);
    
            if(getIntent().hasExtra(EXTRA_ACCEPTED_FILE_EXTENSIONS)) {
    
                ArrayList<String> collection =
                        getIntent().getStringArrayListExtra(EXTRA_ACCEPTED_FILE_EXTENSIONS);
    
                acceptedFileExtensions = (String[])
                        collection.toArray(new String[collection.size()]);
            }
        }
    
        @Override
        protected void onResume() {
            refreshFilesList();
            super.onResume();
        }
    
        protected void refreshFilesList() {
    
            Files.clear();
            ExtensionFilenameFilter filter =
                    new ExtensionFilenameFilter(acceptedFileExtensions);
    
            File[] files = Directory.listFiles(filter);
    
            if(files != null && files.length > 0) {
    
                for(File f : files) {
    
                    if(f.isHidden() && !ShowHiddenFiles) {
    
                        continue;
                    }
    
                    Files.add(f);
                }
    
                Collections.sort(Files, new FileComparator());
            }
    
            Adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }
    
        @Override
        public void onBackPressed() {
    
            if(Directory.getParentFile() != null) {
    
                Directory = Directory.getParentFile();
                refreshFilesList();
                return;
            }
    
            super.onBackPressed();
        }
    
        @Override
        protected void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
    
            File newFile = (File)l.getItemAtPosition(position);
    
            if(newFile.isFile()) {
    
                System.out.println("selected file path" +newFile.getAbsolutePath().toString());
    
                Intent extra = new Intent();
                extra.putExtra(EXTRA_FILE_PATH, newFile.getAbsolutePath());
                setResult(RESULT_OK, extra);
                finish();
            }
            else {
    
                Directory = newFile;
                refreshFilesList();
            }
    
            super.onListItemClick(l, v, position, id);
        }
    
        private class FilePickerListAdapter extends ArrayAdapter<File> {
    
            private List<File> mObjects;
    
            public FilePickerListAdapter(Context context, List<File> objects) {
    
                super(context, R.layout.list_item, android.R.id.text1, objects);
                mObjects = objects;
            }
    
            @Override
            public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
    
                View row = null;
    
                if(convertView == null) {
    
                    LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater)
                            getContext().getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    
                    row = inflater.inflate(R.layout.list_item, parent, false);
                }
                else
                    row = convertView;
    
                File object = mObjects.get(position);
    
                ImageView imageView = (ImageView)row.findViewById(R.id.file_picker_image);
                TextView textView = (TextView)row.findViewById(R.id.file_picker_text);
                textView.setSingleLine(true);
                textView.setText(object.getName());
    
               /* if(!object.isFile()) {
                    imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.check);
                }*/
    
              /*  else
                   // imageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.folder);
    */
                return row;
            }
        }
    
        private class FileComparator implements Comparator<File> {
    
            public int compare(File f1, File f2) {
    
                if(f1 == f2)
                    return 0;
    
                if(f1.isDirectory() && f2.isFile())
                    // Show directories above files
                    return -1;
    
                if(f1.isFile() && f2.isDirectory())
                    // Show files below directories
                    return 1;
    
                // Sort the directories alphabetically
                return f1.getName().compareToIgnoreCase(f2.getName());
            }
        }
    
        private class ExtensionFilenameFilter implements FilenameFilter {
    
            private String[] Extensions;
    
            public ExtensionFilenameFilter(String[] extensions) {
    
                super();
                Extensions = extensions;
            }
    
            public boolean accept(File dir, String filename) {
    
                if(new File(dir, filename).isDirectory()) {
    
                    // Accept all directory names
                    return true;
                }
    
                if(Extensions != null && Extensions.length > 0) {
    
                    for(int i = 0; i < Extensions.length; i++) {
    
                        if(filename.endsWith(Extensions[i])) {
    
                            // The filename ends with the extension
                            return true;
                        }
                    }
                    // The filename did not match any of the extensions
                    return false;
                }
                // No extensions has been set. Accept all file extensions.
                return true;
            }
        }
    }

     

    2- MainActivity.java:-

    This is an main client side implementation class.

     

    Layout File:

    activity_main.xml

    <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        tools:context="com.example.androidsocketfiletransferclient.MainActivity" >
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:autoLink="web"
            android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="File Transfer Client"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
    
        <EditText
            android:id="@+id/address"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="192.168.1.94"
            android:hint="dstAddress" />
    
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/port"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    
    
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/select"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Select file " />
    
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_below="@+id/browse"
            android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
            android:id="@+id/selected"
            android:textStyle="bold"
            android:textColor="#4189E1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="Selected file" />
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_below="@+id/selected"
            android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
            android:id="@+id/file_path"
            android:text="No file has been selected"
            android:textSize="18sp" />
    
    
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/connect"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Connect..." />
    
    </LinearLayout>

     

    empty_view.xml:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <TextView
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="No files or directories"
        android:background="@android:drawable/toast_frame"
        android:textSize="28sp"
        android:gravity="center_vertical|center_horizontal" />
    
    
    

     

    list_item.xml:

    <LinearLayout
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >
    
        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/file_picker_image"
            android:layout_width="40dip"
            android:layout_height="40dip"
            android:layout_marginTop="5dip"
            android:layout_marginBottom="5dip"
            android:layout_marginLeft="5dip"
            android:scaleType="centerCrop" />
    
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/file_picker_text"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:layout_gravity="left|center_vertical"
            android:textSize="28sp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="10dip"
            android:singleLine="true"
            android:text="Filename" />
    
    </LinearLayout>

     

    Server Side Implementation

    Next, we will implement server side code to receive the file. At this side, Socket accept client side request and create a listener and start to read file from client side.

    MainActivity.java:

    public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {
    
        TextView infoIp, infoPort;
    
        static final int SocketServerPORT = 8080;
        ServerSocket serverSocket;
        
        ServerSocketThread serverSocketThread;
        
        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
            setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
            infoIp = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.infoip);
            infoPort = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.infoport);
    
            infoIp.setText(getIpAddress());
            
            serverSocketThread = new ServerSocketThread();
            serverSocketThread.start();
        }
    
        @Override
        protected void onDestroy() {
            super.onDestroy();
            
            if (serverSocket != null) {
                try {
                    serverSocket.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    
        private String getIpAddress() {
            String ip = "";
            try {
                Enumeration<NetworkInterface> enumNetworkInterfaces = NetworkInterface
                        .getNetworkInterfaces();
                while (enumNetworkInterfaces.hasMoreElements()) {
                    NetworkInterface networkInterface = enumNetworkInterfaces
                            .nextElement();
                    Enumeration<InetAddress> enumInetAddress = networkInterface
                            .getInetAddresses();
                    while (enumInetAddress.hasMoreElements()) {
                        InetAddress inetAddress = enumInetAddress.nextElement();
    
                        if (inetAddress.isSiteLocalAddress()) {
                            ip += "SiteLocalAddress: "
                                    + inetAddress.getHostAddress() + "\n";
                        }
    
                    }
    
                }
    
            } catch (SocketException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
                ip += "Something Wrong! " + e.toString() + "\n";
            }
    
            return ip;
        }
        
        public class ServerSocketThread extends Thread {
    
            @Override
            public void run() {
                Socket socket = null;
                
                try {
    
    
                
    
    
                    ServerSocket serverSocket = null;
    
                    try {
                        serverSocket = new ServerSocket(8081);
                    } catch (IOException ex) {
                        System.out.println("Can't setup server on this port number. ");
                    }
    
    
                    try {
                        while (true) {
                        socket = serverSocket.accept();
                        FileTxThread fileTxThread = new FileTxThread(socket);
                        fileTxThread.start();
                    }
                    } catch (IOException ex) {
                        System.out.println("Can't accept client connection. ");
                    }
    
    
    
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } finally {
                    if (socket != null) {
                        try {
                            socket.close();
                        } catch (IOException e) {
                            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                            e.printStackTrace();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
    
        }
        
        public class FileTxThread extends Thread {
            Socket socket;
            InputStream in = null;
            OutputStream out = null;
            
            FileTxThread(Socket socket){
                this.socket= socket;
            }
    
            @Override
            public void run() {
    
    
                try {
                    in = socket.getInputStream();
    
                    DataInputStream clientData = new DataInputStream(in);
                    String fileName = clientData.readUTF();
    
                    File file = new File(
                            Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),
                            fileName);
    
    
                    if(!file.exists())
                        try {
                            file.createNewFile();
                        } catch (IOException e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                        }
    
    
                
    
                    try {
                    out = new FileOutputStream(file.getAbsolutePath());
    
                    } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {
                    System.out.println("File not found. ");
                }
    
                byte[] bytes = new byte[16*1024];
    
                int count;
                while ((count = in.read(bytes)) > 0) {
                    out.write(bytes, 0, count);
                }
    
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"File received successfully",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    
                out.close();
                in.close();
    
                    
                } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } finally {
                    try {
                        socket.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                
            }
        }
    }

     

    Supporting Layout files

    activity_main.xml
     

    <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
        tools:context="com.example.androidsocketfiletransferserver.MainActivity" >
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:autoLink="web"
            android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
    
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="File Transfer Server"
            android:textStyle="bold" />
    
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/infoport"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textStyle="italic" />
    
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/infoip"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textStyle="italic" />
    
    </LinearLayout>

    Note:- You can download the attachment to get complete source code.

     

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